After graduating from the course in Arts and Science in the Dominican College of San Juan de Letran, he studied in the Recollect Theological Seminary in Vigan and was ordained in Manila in 1889. He was unusually apt and faithful as a pupil and was highly regarded by the Spanish friars. He took no part in the uprising of I896, but after Aguinaldo had signed the pact of Biac-na-bato, Aglipay was sent to one of many insurgent leaders named Makabulos to induce him to signal the pact. Aglipay succeeded, however Proved too liberal for the friars of Tarlac the place he had been priest, and solely escaped arrest by fleeing to Manila, where he was given refuge by the Canon of the Cathedral. THE SPANISH REGIME a hundred and fifteen enterprise outdoors the walled city to officiate in the Manila churches.
When the Evangelical Union included Filipinos, in I920, it took up the battle with all its vitality. Dean Bocobo, as Chairman of the Committee on Morals and Order, has investigated the liquor site visitors and revealed a really strong pamphlet which has been translated into several dialects. In the yr 1922 the Evangelical Union distributed 40,000 of these pamphlets in varied elements of the Islands. So highly effective christian filipina reviews was the influence of the Temperance Committee, as it was named for this specific objective, under the leadership of Dean Bocobo and President Osias, that the Senate voted favorably for the adoption of prohibition. A highly effective liquor lobby, together with rich Americans, worked desperately to defeat the measure, and the Lower House failed to ratify it.
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Clad in neat caps and aprons the ladies learn both theoretical and sensible housekeeping. The goal is to enhance Filipino cooking, however the ladies like to make American dishes. It is a proud day when a plate of actual cookies is taken to the teachers to pattern. This is an accomplishment, when one remembers they had been baked on a Filipino range.
THE CATHOLIC COUNTER-REFORMATION 453 the American basis, and the correction of these undesirable conditions that have grown up during the years of Spanish management, when the church, being itself a part of the physique politic, was injured by the very fact of that too intimate contact. The competition has served a great end for Catholicism, because it has thus been placed on its mettle in a way it might by no means have been without it. We have forced her to put in more energetic younger clergymen, and they are beginning to make reforms. They no longer charge massive fees for his or her ceremonies however depend upon voluntary giving. RELIGIOUS EDUCATION-AMERICAN PERIOD 333 The Roman Catholic priesthood has regarded the fast unfold of public education as a problem to Catholicism to put forth greater efforts in academic strains.
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A few years ago a colporteur visited his home and found the old man faithfully observing the seventh day of the week as Sabbath, on account of his studying of the Old Testament.6 The friars in Bohol printed some choices from the Gospel of John about the yr I890. One verse specifically struck his consideration, “Search the scriptures for in them ye suppose ye have everlasting life.” He decided that, by the assistance of God, he was going after that eternal life, whether or not the friars had been prepared for him to look the scriptures or not. He went off into the forests and prayed in his simple means that God would possibly give him the whole of the Gospel of John.
One young man, who had formerly been a resident in Ellinwood Dormitory in Manila, contracted the dreaded disease. Instead of succumbing to the final atmosphere of despair, he established a Sunday faculty, distributed Bibles, sang hymns, and laid the foundations for a robust church. Meanwhile one of many trendy miracles of medication had remodeled Culion from an island of despair into an isle of hope. Chalmoogra oil was beginning to remedy a few patients each week. The remedy is lengthy and frightfully painful, however lepers are willing to do anything if they might hope for all times. A list of names is posted every week, telling who are dismissed and who have but a number of more weeks of treatment. The eagerness with which these 4 thousand lepers scan the lists to see how far they and their pals have been promoted towards the longed-for day of release, is pathetic beyond description.
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Both Old and New Testament notice-books are illustrated with Sunday faculty playing cards or pictures reduce from the graded lesson papers. These books, that are operating commentaries and Bible dictionaries mixed, are very enticing and tremendously prized by the students. LAYMEN WHO HAVE MET THE TEST 289 ways to which lengthy despotism had accustomed them. How flabby our church buildings may need been, but for the passion and steel which persecution gave them! “Bless those that have persecuted you”-for they’ve proven associates in disguises. 288 THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES burned to the ground.14 Dispensaries have been boycotted as a result of false propaganda asserting that they have been furnishing poison for wells.
It teaches, more perfectly than any other sport, that the highest physical situation means abstinence from those vices which sap one’s vigor, similar to smoking, ingesting, and immorality. It teaches young males the way to take punishment with out drawing a knife or a pistol. That a sport which has all of those merits should degenerate into the commercialized prize fight, is deplorable, but this is its tendency in all places, until a sharp line is drawn. In Manila, prize fighting has turn out to be a formidable rival of the cockpit. Both of these video games appeal to the identical wicked appetites, the lust for gambling and the lust for blood. Literally 1000’s of people who find themselves ashamed to frequent the cockpit may be seen in weekly attendance at the immense lyceum.
Knowing that he could not learn his Bible in Manila in security, he went to the province of Bulacan and there continued his studies. The vigilant friars learned of this; and one evening the police surrounded Zamora’s home, positioned him underneath arrest, took him to Manila and threw him into Bilibid.5 When the revolt of I896 broke out, he was banished to the Island of Chefarina in the Mediterranean Sea, north of Africa. After the signing of the Treaty of Paris, he was released, and returned home to the Philippines, determined to unfold the Gospel all through his native land. Meanwhile his son Nicholas, although a pupil for the priesthood, had been studying the Bible in secret and was completely convinced that his father’s views were right. Consequently when the older Zamora returned from exile, father and son became eager preachers. THE IGLESIA FILIPINA INDEPENDIENTE 141 lands proved possible.
The blowing up of a constructing by an anarchist bomb resulted in a wholesale imprisonment of anarchists, including Reyes. In jail he was given a New Testament by the British and Foreign Bible Society, and through studying this New Testament determined that it was only the Church of Rome which was wrong and not faith. Upon being released from jail he translated the New Testament into Ilocano for the British and Foreign Bible Society. After the rebel cause was hopelessly defeated, Reyes gave up the Anti-American periodical which he had been publishing, and returned to the Philippine Islands. He arrived in Manila in July, I90o, and soon organized a labor union in which he deliberate to check out a few of his theories. On the third of August, 1902, this union proclaimed a schism with Rome, chosen Gregorio Aglipay as head of the brand new Filipino Church, and appointed a number of bishops.